Testicular cancer is a form of cancer that occurs in the testicles (testes). The testicles are a part of the male reproductive system and are responsible for the production of males sex hormones and sperm reproduction.
Testicular cancer is a rare form of cancer when compared with other types of cancer but testicular cancer is the most common cancer in American males between the ages of 15 and 39. Typically, testicular cancer develops in one or both testicles in young men, but it can occur in older men as well. This form of cancer is highly treatable even if the cancer has spread beyond the testicle.
Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer signs and symptoms include:
- A lump or enlargement in either testicle
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
- A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
- Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
When to See Your Doctor
Regular testicular self-examinations can help identify growths early, when the chance for successful treatment of testicular cancer is highest. See your doctor if you detect any pain, swelling or lumps in your testicles or groin area, especially if these signs and symptoms last longer than two weeks.