Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem during any of the four phases of the sexual response cycle. These phases are excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. Sexual dysfunction occurs when a problem arises during one of these phases that prevents an individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from sexual activity.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION?
The primary causes of sexual dysfunction in males involve physical issues and psychological issues.
Physical Issues — Therea are many physical and/or medical conditions that can cause problems with sexual function in males. Conditions such as diabetes, heart and vascular disease, neurological disorders, hormonal imbalances, chronic diseases such as kidney or liver failure, and alcoholism and drug abuse can lead to sexual dysfunction. Additionally, the side effects from certain medications, including some antidepressants drugs, can affect sexual desire and function.
Psychological Issues — Psychological issues can lead to sexual dysfunction in men. These issues include work-related stress and anxiety, concern about sexual performance, marital or relationship problems, depression, feelings of guilt, and the effects of a past sexual trauma.
COMMON PROBLEMS RELATED TO SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION
The most common problems related to sexual dysfunction in men include ejaculation disorders, erectile dysfunction and inhibited sexual desire.
A common problem related to sexual dysfunction in men is ejaculation disorders. There a different types of ejaculation disorders which include:
Premature ejaculation — Premature ejaculation occurs when a man has an orgasm sooner during intercourse than he or his partner wishes.
Inhibited ejaculation — This is when ejaculation is slow to occur or does not occur.
Retrograde ejaculation — This occurs when, at orgasm, the ejaculate is forced back into the bladder rather than through the urethra and out the end of the penis.
Premature ejaculation is the most common form of sexual dysfunction in men and is often is due to performance anxiety during sex. Other causes of premature ejaculation include certain drugs, including some anti-depressants, which may impair ejaculation, as can nerve damage to the spinal cord or back.
Retrograde ejaculation is most common in males with diabetes who suffer from diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage). This is due to problems with the nerves in the bladder and the bladder neck that allow the ejaculate to flow backward. In other men, retrograde ejaculation occurs after operations on the bladder neck or prostate, or after certain abdominal operations. In addition, certain medications, particularly those used to treat mood disorders, may cause problems with ejaculation.
Erectile dysfunction, also known as impotence, is the inability to attain and/or maintain an erection suitable for intercourse. Causes of erectile dysfunction include diseases affecting blood flow, such as atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), nerve disorders, psychological factors such as stress, depression and performance anxiety, and injury to the penis. Chronic illness, certain medications and a condition called Peyronie’s disease (scar tissue in the penis) also can cause erectile dysfunction.
INHIBITED SEXUAL DESIRE – REDUCED LIBIDO
Inhibited desire, or loss of libido, refers to a decrease in desire for or interest in sexual activity. Reduced libido can result from physical or psychological factors. It has been associated with low levels of the hormone testosterone. It also may be caused by psychological problems, such as anxiety and depression; medical illnesses such as diabetes and high blood pressure; certain medications, including some anti-depressants; and relationship difficulties.
Treatment for Sexual Dysfunction
While sexual dysfunction cannot be prevented, dealing with the underlying causes of the dysfunction can help you better understand and cope with the problem when it occurs. The knowledge health care providers at Camelback Health Care can help men suffering from various types of sexual dysfunction and provide effective treatment options to help the underlying causes of dysfunction. Contact Camelback Health Care at (602) 368-5861 if you have any question about sexual dysfunction and to schedule your consultation.